E Resume & Cover Letter Encyclopedia E Drafting a compelling cover letter E Explaining Employment Gaps in Cover Letter

How to Explain Employment Gaps in Cover Letter

How to Explain Employment Gaps in Cover Letter

An employment gap is considered to be one of the red flags during a job search. Irrespective of your reason for having a gap being valid, some employers may feel a bit hesitant about considering you for the position if they see unexplained, long-term breaks in your resume. Well, this is quite reasonable because they will be left out wondering what has happened in the past.

Explaining an employment gap can be intimidating. However, ignoring or disguising it won’t do you any good either. The most effective way to address any concerns your potential employer may have about your readiness for a job is through a cover letter. In this article, we will share tips on how you can do this effectively.

1) Be upfront and honest

The best way to deal with employment gaps is through honesty. While it might be tempting to cover it up by, for instance, altering the dates, being honest always works in someone’s favor. Hence, no matter what the situation is, never lie about your employment history. Even if you have nothing to hide, any fabrication your potential employer finds out can be a ground for your disqualification.

Explaining employment gaps upfront shows hiring professionals that you are trustworthy, making you stand out from other candidates. So, whether the gaps in your employment are positive or negative, we strongly suggest addressing them in your cover letter. This can also help clear misunderstandings and prevent employers from making assumptions about your credibility as a potential employee.

2) Keep your explanation brief and direct

Hiring professionals don’t need a ton of personal details explaining every phase of your employment gap.  All they need are the core facts that can reassure them that you are able and 100% ready to return to work. So, instead of spending more than a couple of sentences over-explaining the gap in your experience, show that your situation will no longer affect your future work. This way, they won’t be worried that you might have to take another break from working if they consider you for the position.

Your cover letter should focus on your experience, skills, passion, and fit for the job. So, limit your explanation to two to three sentences. Avoid sharing information that can do you more harm than good. For example, don’t go into detail about your negative relationship with your previous employer. While you should not lie about your reason, you don’t have to go overboard. Remember, honesty doesn’t necessarily mean giving every detail of the gap or disclosing sensitive information.

3) Include relevant experience or professional development gained during the gap

Explaining a gap is about convincing recruiters that being unemployed for a certain period doesn’t negatively impact your capacity to succeed at a particular job. For a good employer, how you spend your time out of the workforce is usually more important than the reason behind your employment gap. Hence, if you spent your time adding value to your candidacy by pursuing a program related to your desired career, make sure to convey it in your cover letter.

In addition, you can include examples of daily responsibilities you’ve done, as long as you can relate these to the job you’re applying for. It can be volunteer works, community service, freelance gigs or any activities that enable you to improve your skills or learn new ones. This can help you demonstrate that you can be a valuable addition to the team despite having a gap in your experience.

4) Highlight the value you can bring to the table

While addressing your employment gap in a clear and positive way is important, showcasing the value you offer as a potential employee is key. Talk about your overall experience while emphasizing those that are relevant to your target role. Include samples of your past achievements that demonstrate how your skillset can help potential employers achieve their desired results.

We highly recommend reading the job descriptions carefully so you can better relate your past experiences to the company’s needs. Then, focus the content of your cover letter on the future and what you want to do for your potential employer. This can help you convince them that you’re ready for a long-term work commitment.

Here are some examples of how you can effectively explain your situation:

After taking some time off from my career to undergo surgery, I left XYZ Corp. to focus on my recovery. As I regained my strength, I signed up for relevant online classes to stay current in the industry. Now fully recovered, I am motivated to return to the full-time workforce and confident that I will be a valuable asset to your team.

I took time away from my professional career to care for an elderly relative. After a year, my family decided to hire a full-time caregiver, so I no longer need to be present. I am now fully available to work and very excited when I learn about your job opportunity, as it’s a perfect match for my qualifications and career goals.

After taking a break to start my own family, I am eager to continue my career now that my children are all school-aged. To keep my skills and connections current, I participated in various volunteer works, including leadership roles in charitable organizations. I am confident that the ability I have gained thus far will allow me to succeed as the next potential General Manager of your firm.

5) Reiterate your interest in the position

Showcasing genuine interest and enthusiasm in the position and company can be a strong selling point. 

Thus, it is imperative to go the extra mile to know more about the company, its culture, mission, values, recent achievements, and what they offer. This way, you can better convey what excites you about the position or why the company is your employer of choice after being out of the workforce for quite some time.

However, be careful not to sound desperate when expressing your excitement for the job. Being apologetic or seeking empathy in your cover letter can make you sound that you’re begging to be considered for the role. You can be perceived as someone who lacks passion or is not confident in your capabilities. So instead, demonstrate that you’re not just capable of doing the job but also share the same values and your goals align with them.


There is no such thing as a gap that is too long as it depends on several factors. However, being unemployed for more than six months could raise a red flag and is suspicious to employers, especially if they remain unexplained. So, make sure to address the issue in your cover letter briefly and in a way that convinces hiring professionals that you’re a capable hire. We understand that this can be daunting. Hence, if you need assistance, you can always reach out to us.



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